NRR Paper-I (English) 2 Weeks Program

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*Paper-I (English) 2 Weeks Program

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Day 1: Unit-I: Teaching Aptitude

Teaching: Concept, Objectives, Levels of teaching (Memory, Understanding
and Reflective), Characteristics and basic requirements. Learner’s characteristics: Characteristics of
adolescent and adult learners (Academic, Social, Emotional and Cognitive), Individual differences. Factors affecting teaching related to: Teacher, Learner, Support material, Instructional facilities,
Learning environment and Institution. Methods of teaching in Institutions of higher learning:
Teacher centred vs. Learner centred methods; Off-line vs. On-line methods (Swayam, Swayamprabha, MOOCs etc.). 2 Teaching Support System: Traditional, Modern and ICT based. Evaluation Systems: Elements and Types of evaluation, Evaluation in Choice Based Credit System in Higher education, Computer based testing, Innovations in evaluation systems.

Day 2: Unit-II: Research Aptitude

Research: Meaning, Types, and Characteristics, Positivism and Postpositivistic approach to research. Methods of Research: Experimental, Descriptive, Historical, Qualitative and
Quantitative methods. Steps of Research. Thesis and Article writing: Format and styles of
referencing. Application of ICT in research. Research ethics.

Day 3: Unit-III: Comprehension 

A passage of text be given. Questions be asked from the passage to be answered.

Day 4: Unit-IV: Communication 

Communication: Meaning, types and characteristics of communication. Effective communication: Verbal and Non-verbal, Inter-Cultural and group communications,
Classroom communication. Barriers to effective communication. Mass-Media and Society.

Day 5: Unit-V: Mathematical Reasoning and Aptitude 

Types of reasoning. Number series, Letter series, Codes and Relationships. Mathematical Aptitude (Fraction, Time & Distance, Ratio, Proportion and Percentage, Profit and Loss, Interest and Discounting, Averages etc.).

Day 6: Unit-VI: Logical Reasoning 

Understanding the structure of arguments: argument forms, structure of
categorical propositions, Mood and Figure, Formal and Informal fallacies, Uses of language, Connotations and denotations of terms, Classical square of opposition. Evaluating and
distinguishing deductive and inductive reasoning. Analogies. Venn diagram: Simple and multiple
use for establishing validity of arguments. Indian Logic: Means of knowledge. Pramanas:
Pratyaksha (Perception), Anumana (Inference), Upamana (Comparison), Shabda (Verbal testimony),
Arthapatti (Implication) and Anupalabddhi (Non-apprehension). Structure and kinds of Anumana
(inference), Vyapti (invariable relation), Hetvabhasas (fallacies of inference).

Day 7: Unit-VII: Data Interpretation 

Sources, acquisition and classification of Data. Quantitative and Qualitative
Data. Graphical representation (Bar-chart, Histograms, Pie-chart, Table-chart and Line-chart) and
mapping of Data. Data Interpretation. Data and Governance.

Day 8: Unit-VIII: Information and Communication Technology (ICT) 

ICT: General abbreviations and
terminology. Basics of Internet, Intranet, E-mail, Audio and Video-conferencing. Digital
initiatives in higher education. ICT and Governance.

Day 9: Unit-IX: People, Development and Environment 

Development and environment: Millennium development
and Sustainable development goals. Human and environment interaction: Anthropogenic activities
and their impacts on environment. Environmental issues: Local, Regional and Global; Air pollution,
Water pollution, Soil pollution, Noise pollution, Waste (solid, liquid, biomedical, hazardous,
electronic), Climate change and its Socio-Economic and Political dimensions. Impacts of pollutants
on human health. Natural and energy resources: Solar, Wind, Soil, Hydro, Geothermal, Biomass,
Nuclear and Forests. Natural hazards and disasters: Mitigation strategies. Environmental
Protection Act (1986), National Action Plan on Climate Change, International agreements/efforts -
Montreal Protocol, Rio Summit, Convention on Biodiversity, Kyoto Protocol, Paris Agreement,
International Solar Alliance.

Day 10: Unit-X: Higher Education System 

Institutions of higher learning and education in ancient India. Evolution of higher learning and research in Post Independence India. Oriental, Conventional and Non-conventional learning programmes in India. Professional, Technical and Skill Based education.  Value education and environmental education. Policies, Governance, and Administration.

Day 11-12: Study

Day 13-14: Preparation

---All the best---

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