Problem : The 3n + 1 Problem

1.6.1 The 3n + 1 Problem

PC/UVa IDs: 110101/100, Popularity: A, Success rate: low Level: 1

Consider the following algorithm to generate a sequence of numbers. Start with an integer n. If n is even, divide by 2. If n is odd, multiply by 3 and add 1. Repeat this process with the new value of n, terminating when n = 1. For example, the following

sequence of numbers will be generated for n = 22:

22 11 34 17 52 26 13 40 20 10 5 16 8 4 2 1

It is conjectured (but not yet proven) that this algorithm will terminate at n = 1 for every integer n. Still, the conjecture holds for all integers up to at least 1, 000, 000.

For an input n, the cycle-length of n is the number of numbers generated up to and including the 1. In the example above, the cycle length of 22 is 16. Given any two

numbers i and j, you are to determine the maximum cycle length over all numbers between i and j, including both endpoints.

Input

The input will consist of a series of pairs of integers i and j, one pair of integers per line. All integers will be less than 1,000,000 and greater than 0.

Output

For each pair of input integers i and j, output i, j in the same order in which they appeared in the input and then the maximum cycle length for integers between and including i and j. These three numbers should be separated by one space, with all three numbers on one line and with one line of output for each line of input.

Sample Input

1 10

100 200

201 210

900 1000

Sample Output

1 10 20

100 200 125

201 210 89

900 1000 174

C-Language Program

#include <stdio.h>

int cycleSize(int x) {

int cycle = 1;

while (x != 1) {

if (x % 2 == 0) { //if even

x = x / 2;

} else { //if odd

x = x * 3 + 1;

}

++cycle;

}

return cycle;

}

int maxCycleSizeBetween(int a, int b) {

if (a > b) { //if b > a, swap them

int temp = a;

a = b;

b = temp;

}

int maxCycle = 0;

for (; a <= b; a++) {

int thisCycleSize = cycleSize(a);

if (thisCycleSize > maxCycle) {

maxCycle = thisCycleSize;

}

}

return maxCycle;

}

int main() {

int a, b; //input vars

while (scanf("%d %d", &a, &b) != EOF) {

printf("%d %d %d\n", a, b, maxCycleSizeBetween(a, b));

}

return 0;

}

Sources:

https://github.com/